Encyclopedia of Sustainability, 5th Edition

Ashley Thorne

The National Association of Scholars presents our fifth edition of the encyclopedia of sustainability (updated quarterly). Our periodically updated “sustainapedia” contains key names, terms, books, colleges and organizations that NAS has observed through our research of the sustainability movement in higher education.

The entries below were compiled from publicly available information, much of which has already been synthesized in NAS articles on sustainability. New entries and information since the fourth edition (July 2010) are highlighted in blue.

While this catalog does not include every main actor in the environmental movement as a whole (we chose not to emphasize, for instance, “Climategate,” Michael Mann, Al Gore, international climate conferences, or global warming awareness groups), it does include many of the main actors in the sector of activism aimed specifically at re-centering elementary and higher education around sustainability practice.

We created this encyclopedia partly as our own database to help us keep all the players straight, but mostly as a service to the community, as a practical resource for everyone interested in tracking and critiquing the sustainability movement. As we have learned more about the principal leaders of the movement, we have been continually updating the sustainapedia. We welcome suggestions for new entries and corrections of any inaccurate information (email us). Click here to download the encyclopedia in PDF format (with extra photos), or scroll down to read it on this page.  

Sustainability in Higher Education, 5th Edition

An Encyclopedia of Names, Terms, Colleges, Organizations, and Books

Encyclopedia Contents:

Groups
Projects/Institutes
K-12 Groups and Projects
Legislation
Individuals
Media
Colleges/Universities
Conferences
Terminology
Terms Coined by the NAS
Criticism

 

Groups

“Envisioning a student affairs division that supports sustainability”
Helped found HEASC
Presidential Task Force on Sustainability (click for PPT presentation by Kathleen Kerr)
NAS: “Inside the ACPA Conference” by Peter Wood. 02/29/2008
NAS: “Hurray! We Got Noticed! ACPA’s Response to NAS Residence Life Statement” by Peter Wood and Ashley Thorne. 09/16/2008
Based in Washington, D.C.
 
Presidents can sign this contract to pledge to “accelerate the research and educational efforts of higher education to equip society to re-stabilize the earth’s climate.”
Sponsored by Second Nature, AASHE, and eco-America
NAS: “Proven Commitment to the Climate” by Ashley Thorne. 04/09/2009
NAS: “Sustainability Education’s New Morality” by Ashley Thorne. 05/15/2009
NAS: “Tuesday Tuba” by Ashley Thorne 06/02/2009
NAS: “1% for Propaganda” by Ashley Thorne. 07/09/2009
NAS: “Unfit” by Peter Wood. 07/29/2009
NAS: “A First Look at Second Nature” by Ashley Thorne. 08/03/2009
NAS: “Thursday Theatrics” by Ashley Thorne. 08/13/2009
NAS: “Never Waste a Good Cliché” by Peter Wood 09/24/2009
NAS: “An Elbow in the Ribs: Prof-Prodding Toward Sustainability” by Ashley Thorne. 02/17/2010
NAS: “Earth Day and Sustainability News” by Ashley Thorne. 04/21/2010
NAS: “For Goodness Sake: Sustainability Ponders Ethics” by Ashley Thorne. 07/21/2010
NAS: “The Sustainability Inquisition” by Ashley Thorne. 11/10/2010
 
“AASHE is an association of colleges and universities that are working to create a sustainable future. Our mission is to empower higher education to lead the sustainability transformation.”
Formerly known as the Education for Sustainability Western Network (EFS West)
AASHE Digest 2008 A Review of Campus Sustainability News
NAS: “Proven Commitment to the Climate” by Ashley Thorne. 04/09/2009
NAS: “Swear It!” by Ashley Thorne. 04/29/2009
NAS: “Sustainability Education’s New Morality” by Ashley Thorne. 05/15/2009
NAS: “Thursday Vert-Degree” by Ashley Thorne. 06/25/2009
NAS: “Tuesday Tuba” by Ashley Thorne 06/02/2009
NAS: “1% for Propaganda” by Ashley Thorne. 07/09/2009
NAS: “The Sustainability Movement in the American University” by Peter Wood. 07/27/2009
NAS: “A First Look at Second Nature” by Ashley Thorne. 08/03/2009
Based in Lexington, Kentucky
NAS: “An Elbow in the Ribs: Prof-Prodding Toward Sustainability” by Ashley Thorne. 02/17/2010
NAS: “For Goodness Sake: Sustainability Ponders Ethics” by Ashley Thorne. 07/21/2010


Bioneers

“Inspiring a shift to live on Earth in ways that honor the web of life, each other and future generations.”

Provides environmental education through a conference, a radio program, and materials for use by colleges and universities

“Our goal is to significantly increase the amount of federal funding dedicated to the EE [environmental education] community” 
Operates under a fiscal agent, Public Interest Projects
Based in Washington, D.C.
Offers training and consulting to “assist current and future green professionals and businesses”
“Dedicated to education for a sustainable living” 
“We provide information, inspiration, and support to the vital movement of K-12 educators, parents, and other members of the school community who are helping young people gain the knowledge, skills, and values essential to sustainable living.”
Project/Book: Smart by Nature: Schooling for Sustainability
Based in Berkeley, California
Co-sponsored the School Lunch Initiative: “Changing Students’ Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behavior in Relation to Food”
 
“If their schools are green, children will learn to live that way.” 
Helps K-12 schools become “green” by providing curriculum and guidance
 
Four program areas: the Greening of Academia, Religion and Ecology, the Earth Charter Initiative, and Sustainable Livelihoods and Sustainable Communities
“Promotes a humane and sustainable future for all members of the earth community.”
ULSF is part of CRLE
Venerates Thomas Berry


Clinton Climate Initiative (CCI)

Funded by the William J. Clinton Foundation
Mission is “to create and advance solutions to the core issues driving climate change”
 
Provides curriculum “makeovers” to “cultivate deep instructional change” in elementary, higher, and adult education 
“Our mission is to provide and promote innovative education that helps create a sustainable world: a healthy environment, a fair economy, and a just and equitable society for current and future generations.”
Based in Ypsilanti, Michigan
 
A network of associations (such as the AAA, APA, and APSA) that promote sustainability in various academic disciplines
 
“Through Earth Force young people get hands-on, real-world opportunities to practice civic skills, acquire and understand environmental knowledge, and develop the skills and motivation to become life-long leaders in addressing environmental issues. Earth Force achieves these results by training and supporting educators as they implement our unique six-step model for engaging young people.”
 
Co-sponsors the American College and University Presidents Climate Commitment
Worked with Princeton Review to create criteria for Princeton Review’s Green Rating
EcoAmerica is an organization not specifically focused on higher education that espouses a startlingly frank program of attempting, by means of “psychographic research” and “engagement marketing,” to “shift personal and civic choices of environmentally agonistic Americans.” It is, in other words, devoted to propaganda and manipulation. 
NAS: “The Sustainability Movement in the American University” by Peter Wood. 07/27/2009
 
An alliance that supports and strengthens the student and youth clean and just energy movement in North America 
Sponsors “Define Our Decade” project, a campaign to get Congress to vote for “clean energy” towards the goal of having a “world powered by 100% clean electricity” by 2020.
 
Held climate change teach-ins on January 31, 2008 at over 1500 campuses
Barack Obama at FTN 2008 kick-off, Clemson University: Focus the Nation is going to have the largest campus teach-in in United States history…This is an important issue, I want everybody to be involved with it, everybody to be paying attention.”
Based in Portland, OregonGo Green Students
A social network for students to connect with other students from around the world on how to go green and reduce the effects of global warming
 
GreenerU partners with colleges and their students to solve the campus sustainability and energy management challenges of today and tomorrow. GreenerU believes colleges and universities are uniquely positioned to lead the world in mitigating climate change and accelerating sustainability.
 
An informal network of higher education associations dedicated to advancing sustainability in the higher education system, coordinated by Second Nature
 
“The Sustainable Campus Network aims at enhancing universities' commitments to construct, redesign, and organize their campuses in an exemplary and sustainable way and to include the experiences in their education. The ISCN and its members commit to continuous improvement through learning and innovation on all aspects of sustainability on campus. Key goals in this respect are summarized in the ISCN Charter.”
 
Historically important leader of the campus sustainability movement 
Founded by John Kerry and Teresa Heinz in 1993
“Second Nature's mission is to accelerate movement toward a sustainable future by serving and supporting senior college and university leaders in making healthy, just, and sustainable living the foundation of all learning and practice in higher education.”
Sponsors the ACUPCC
Based in Boston, Massachusetts
NAS: “1% for Propaganda” by Ashley Thorne. 07/09/09
NAS: “The Sustainability Movement in the American University” by Peter Wood. 07/27/2009
NAS: “Unfit” by Peter Wood. 07/29/09
NAS: “A First Look at Second Nature” by Ashley Thorne. 08/03/09
NAS: “Sunbeams for Indigenes: The New Discipline of Cultural Sustainability” by Peter Wood, Glenn Ricketts, and Ashley Thorne. 08/05/2009
NAS: “Sustaina-Summits” by Peter Wood. 08/20/09
NAS: “Changing the Norms: Sustainability at Penn State,” by Ashley Thorne 12/14/2009
NAS: “The Roots of Sustainability” by Glenn Ricketts. 01/19/10
 
SEAC (pronounced "seek") is a student run national network of progressive organizations and individuals whose aim is to uproot environmental injustices through education and action. SEAC defines the environment as including the physical, economic, political, and cultural conditions in which we live. By challenging the power structure which threatens these conditions, SEAC works to create progressive social change on both the local and global levels.
 
Decade for Education on Sustainable Development: “seeks to integrate the principles, values, and practices of sustainable development into all aspects of education and learning, in order to address the social, economic, cultural and environmental problems we face in the 21st century”
NAS: “UNESCO-topia: Sustainability’s Big Brother” by Peter Wood. 07/31/09
 
Created the Talloires Declaration
“ULSF supports sustainability as a critical focus of teaching, research, operations and outreach in higher education through publications, research, and assessment.”
Is the higher education branch of the Center for Respect of Life and Environment (CRLE)
 
Campaign vision: Green campuses for every college and university within a generation.
 
“The U.S. Partnership consists of individuals, organizations and institutions in the United States dedicated to education for sustainable development (ESD). It acts as a convener, catalyst, and communicator working across all sectors of American society.” 
VISION: Sustainable development fully integrated into education and learning in the United States.
MISSION: Leverage the UN Decade to foster education for sustainable development in the United States. 

 

Projects/Institutes

Sponsored by the National Wildlife Federation 
“the Campus Ecology program has been helping individuals and campuses address sustainability and climate change since 1989.”
“It takes a big step to make a smaller footprint.”
NAS: “Woven Into the Fabric...No Comment” by Ashley Thorne. 07/10/09  
 
A Second Nature initiative to advance green building in higher education  
 
Celebrated in October by over 300 colleges and universities 
Sponsored by the Society for College and University Planning (SCUP), which Colleges can pay to participate in a live webcast
First CSD was in 2003: “The contributions of Anthony D. Cortese, president of Second Nature, were key in the conception and development of the first Campus Sustainability Day.”
NAS: “Happy Campus Sustainability Day” by Ashley Thorne. 10/21/09
 
Assigns grades to hundreds of colleges by assessing performance in sustainability categories (does not include teaching, research, or other academic aspects concerning sustainability)  
 
A campaign sponsored by the Energy Action Coalition to get Congress to vote for “clean energy” towards the goal of having a “world powered by 100% clean electricity” by 2020 
Marketed to college students
 
The Earth Charter is a United Nations document. It was the brainchild of the 1987 Brundtland Commission (which officially defined sustainable development) and was written in 1994 by Mikhail Gorbachev and the Secretary-General of the UN’s Rio de Janeiro Earth Summit, Maurice Strong. Today it is regarded as the consensus statement of principles on sustainability and world peace. Organizations representing millions of people, including several dozen American universities, have endorsed it.   
“My hope is that this charter will be a kind of Ten Commandments, a ‘Sermon on the Mount,’ that provides a guide for human behavior toward the environment in the next century and beyond," Mikhail Gorbachev stated in a 1997 interview with the Los Angeles Times.
NAS: “Swamped: Florida’s Earth Charter U” by Ashley Thorne. 01/06/2010
 
Suggestions for environmental activism on campus, including asking the president to sign the Presidents Climate Commitment 
 
Columbia University 
Aims to help “achieve sustainable development primarily by expanding the world’s understanding of Earth as one integrated system” through research and education
Directed by Jeffrey Sachs
George Soros serves on the Board of Advisors  
 
Yale University 
Publishes books and articles, organizes conferences, is creating a film on the environment and its relationship to major religions, including Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, Indigenous Traditions, Islam, Judaism, and Shinto
Mission is to “identify the ethical dimensions by which the religions of the world can respond to the growing environmental crisis”
Inspired by ecotheologian Thomas Berry (see above)  
 
“Ecolonomics is a vision that sees business, government, and education working together to achieve a prosperous, sustainable future.” 
“Because ecology means business”  
 
“Established in 1974 and incorporated in 1981, the ISE is an independent institution of higher education dedicated to the study of social ecology, an interdisciplinary field drawing on philosophy, political and social theory, anthropology, history, economics, the natural sciences, and feminism...As an educational and activist organization, the ISE is committed to the social and ecological transformation of society.” 
Based in Plainfield, Vermont  
 
Emory University, Peggy F. Barlett 
Faculty workshops, curriculum development
NAS: “Enchanting Sustainability” by Peter Wood. 01/26/09 
 
Northern Arizona University, Geoff W. Chase 
The Project is “an interdisciplinary faculty group effort to incorporate environmental sustainability issues into university courses”  
 
Created by AASHE, STARS is “a voluntary, self-reporting framework for gauging relative progress toward sustainability for colleges and universities.”  
STARS is a points system that measures institutions’ sustainability initiatives in Education & Research; Operations; and Planning, Administration & Engagement.
NAS: “Dancing with the Stars” by Ashley Thorne. 09/28/09  
 
The international precursor to the ACUPCC, created in 1990 in Talloires, France, at a meeting convened by Tufts University President Jean Mayer 
Anthony Cortese has been a key promoter
College and university presidents from around the world met together and signed the declaration, pledging that their universities would, among other actions, create an institutional culture of sustainability, educate for environmentally responsible citizenship, and foster environmental literacy for all.
It has been signed by over 400 institutions worldwide.  
 
Engineered by the Campaign for Environmental Literacy, this grant program was authorized by the Higher Education Sustainability Act of 2008. It is the first new federal environmental education grant-making program authorized in 18 years. It is intended to “annually support between 25 and 200 sustainability projects at individual higher education institutions and higher education consortia/associations.” It has not yet been funded.
Goals:
Enable higher education to produce 3 million “sustainability-literate” college graduates each year
 Fully embed sustainable practices in higher education  


Yale Environment 360  

An online magazine published by the Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies, containing opinion, analysis, reporting and debate on global environmental issues.  

 

K-12 Groups and Projects

 
Gives free multimedia presentations at U.S. high schools on climate change
Provides activism/green pledge opportunities for high school students
See “ACE Climate Propaganda,” Accuracy in Academia
 
“Critical Thinking. Global Perspective. Informed Action.”
Provides sustainability curriculum resources to teachers
Based in Seattle, Washington
 
Vision: green schools for everyone within this generation
 
Wants to “transform students themselves into agents of change” and focuses “on K-12 as formative years for shaping thinking, attitudes, values and behaviors.”
“CELF’s goal is to make sustainability education an integral part of every school’s curricula and culture, from kindergarten through high school.”
See Peter Cohee’s article
 
“A movement that activates & enlists kids to lead their families in measuring & reducing environmental impact at home & ‘challenge’ their parents to share savings with kids.”
A campaign that encourages kids to “grade their parents” and demand pay for their services. 
NAS: “Indoctrinate Our Kids and Green My Parents” by Ashley Thorne. 04/27/10 
 
A membership organization with nearly 2,000 member schools where teachers are implementing sustainability education into the curriculum.
 
Chartered by Congress in 1990 to advance environmental knowledge and action. Established to complement the EPA and teach environmental literacy, funded by the EPA’s Office of Environmental Education. Has programs for schools, the adult public, health professionals, and business managers.
 
The New York City Department of Education’s effort to make schools more environmentally friendly and to teach students energy conservation, recycling, and ecology. The initiative is funded by grant and stimulus money.   
 
4 Guiding Principles: Nature is our teacher, Sustainability is a community practice, The real world is the optimal learning environment, and Sustainable living is rooted in a deep knowledge of place 
Offers schooling for sustainability seminars, website, and book (same title)

 

Legislation

 
In July 2008, the HESA was passed as part of the Higher Education Opportunity Act of 2008. It creates grants for colleges and universities for implementing sustainability practice and education on campus and “to integrate sustainability curricula in all programs of instruction, particularly in business, architecture, technology, manufacturing, engineering, and science programs.” It also mandates a summit on sustainability convened by the Secretary of Education no later than September 30, 2010.  
The summit was convened in Washington, D.C. in late September 2010.
 

Individuals

Economist who created the famous sustainability diagram (see “Triple Bottom Line” below) 
NAS: “The Roots of Sustainability” by Glenn Ricketts. 01/19/10
 
Author, Boldly Sustainable (2009, published by the National Association of College and University Business Officers) with Andrea Putman
Senior Fellow, Second Nature
Staff Liaison, ACUPCC Academics Sub-Committee
 
Author, “Reason and Reenchantment in Cultural Change: Sustainability in Higher Education.” Current Anthropology
Leads Piedmont Project at Emory University
NAS: “Enchanting Sustainability” by Peter Wood. 01/26/09
Berry, Thomas (1914-2009)
Ecotheologian, wrote about ethics, religion, and ecology
Repudiated Christianity and all Western thought and culture (i.e., wrote “bible” in lower case)
Author, Befriending the Earth, 1991; The Great Work: Our Way into the Future, 1999; and Evening Thoughts: Reflecting on Earth as Sacred Community, 2006.
“We have a moral sense of suicide, homicide, and genocide, but no moral sense of biocide or geocide, the killing of the life systems themselves and even the killing of the Earth.”
 
Bookchin, Murray (1921-2006)
Author, “Ecology and Revolutionary Thought” (1964)
Author, The Philosophy of Social Ecology: Essays on Dialectical Naturalism
NAS: “The Roots of Sustainability” by Glenn Ricketts. 01/19/10
 
Carson, Rachel (1907-1964)
Author, Silent Spring, 1962, a bestseller about the harmfulness of pesticides
Silent Spring precipitated a national uproar and jumpstarted the environmental movement
NAS: “The Roots of Sustainability” by Glenn Ricketts. 01/19/10
 
Biologist 
Protested nuclear testing
Eco-socialist
Author, The Closing Circle, 1971: “The evidence is overwhelming that the way in which we now live on Earth is driving its thin, life-supporting skin, and ourselves with it, to destruction.”
Proposed policy solutions to ecological problems
Ran for U.S. president in 1980
4 laws of ecology:
1.      Everything is connected to everything else.
2.      Everything must go somewhere.
3.      Nature knows best.
4.      There is no such thing as a free lunch.
Founded the Center for the Biology of Natural Systems where he is a senior scientist
Time magazine called him "the Paul Revere of Ecology"
NAS: “The Roots of Sustainability” by Glenn Ricketts. 01/19/10
 
President, Second Nature 
Developed the Talloires Declaration
Said that “humans are guided by a whole set of beliefs and values, and those come from culture, from religion, from social, economic and political structure. We need to change all of those.”
Said “My belief is that sustainability must be the goal of EVERYTHING that colleges and universities do.”
NAS: “A First Look at Second Nature” by Ashley Thorne. 08/01/09
 
Co-chair, ACUPCC steering committee
President, Arizona State University
 
Biology professor at Stanford University
Author, 
The Population Bomb, which wrongly predicted that “in the 1970s and 1980s hundreds of millions of people will starve to death” due to overpopulation. Ehrlich famously lost a bet with the economist Julian L. Simon over the future prices of five commodities chosen by Ehrlich (copper, chromium, nickel, tin, and tungsten.) Ehrlich, believing that earth was running out of resources, bet that prices would rise from 1980 to 1990. He lost decisively.
Believes sustainability is an issue of population control
NAS: “What Good Are People?” by Ashley Thorne. 09/22/09
NAS: “The Roots of Sustainability” by Glenn Ricketts. 01/19/10
 
President and Founder, Campaign for Environmental Literacy 
Senior Fellow, Second Nature
“James Elder is a social entrepreneur who uncovers and exploits high leverage opportunities to increase the level of society’s environmental literacy.”
 
Co-founder of Second Nature with John Kerry 
Heinz foundations fund Second Nature
NAS: “A First Look at Second Nature” by Ashley Thorne. 08/01/09
NAS: “The Roots of Sustainability” by Glenn Ricketts. 01/19/10
 
Under secretary for U.S. postsecondary education in the Obama administration
Former member of ACUPCC steering committee, former Chancellor of the Foothill-De Anza Community College District
Spoke at 2009 ACUPCC climate summit
Author, Ecodemia: Campus Environmental Stewardship at the Turn of the 21st Century
On staff with the National Wildlife Federation’s Campus Ecology Project
Helped create the Higher Education Associations’ Sustainability Consortium (HEASC)
 
Director, University of Delaware Residence Life 
Serves on ACPA’s sustainability taskforce
Presentation: Myth that sustainability is "mostly about the environment"
NAS: “Ideology @ UCLA Dorms” by Peter Wood. 03/06/08
NAS: “We’ll Be Watching” by Jan Blits and Linda Gottfredson. 05/27/08
NAS: “The Communitarian ResLife Movement” by Tom Wood. 07/18/08
NAS: “Sustainabullies” by Ashley Thorne. 02/12/09
NAS: “Proven Commitment to the Climate” by Ashley Thorne. 04/09/09
NAS: “Changing the Norms: Sustainability at Penn State” by Ashley Thorne. 12/14/09
 
Co-founder of Second Nature with Teresa Heinz 
NAS: “A First Look at Second Nature” by Ashley Thorne. 08/01/09
NAS: “The Roots of Sustainability” by Glenn Ricketts. 01/19/10
 
ACUPCC Program Director for Second Nature
 
Professor of Environmental Studies, Oberlin College 
Author, Earth in Mind : On Education, the Environment, and the Human Prospect(2004)
Author, Down to the Wire: Confronting Climate Collapse (2009)
NAS: “Swamped: Florida’s Earth Charter U” by Ashley Thorne. 01/06/2010
NAS: “The Roots of Sustainability” by Glenn Ricketts. 01/19/10
 
Higher Education co-chair of the U.S. Partnership of Education for Sustainable Development
Senior Fellow, Education for Sustainability at University Leaders for a Sustainable Future
Senior Fellow, Association for the Advancement of Sustainability in Higher Education
Facilitator, Disciplinary Associations Network for Sustainability 
Professor, renewable energies and energy management at Oakland Community College
Inside Higher Ed: “Sustainability’s Third Circle” by Peter Wood. 04/28/08
Said in a speech at the University of Connecticut 11/05/09 that the only way to ensure a sustainable future for the planet is through radical changes in education, the economy and government. Daily Campus
NAS: “Changing the Norms: Sustainability at Penn State” by Ashley Thorne. 12/14/09
 
Director, Earth Institute, Columbia University 
Professor, Sustainable Development, Columbia University
Special Advisor to United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon
Author, Common Wealth (Penguin, 2008)
Author, The End of Poverty (Penguin, 2005)
See “Sustainability: More Cash and a Softer Side” by Charlotte Allen, Minding the Campus, 05/10/2010
 
Founder and executive director, Creative Change Educational Solutions
 
Founding executive director, Education for Sustainability Western Network (EFS West), which became AASHE

 

Media

2009 James Cameron film depicting a sustainable world 
 
A biannual journal produced by Columbia University students
 
A documentary film on the “World Water Crisis” and the privatization of water 
 
An online, peer-reviewed journal for academics and practitioners to share, critique, and promote research, practices, and initiatives that foster the integration of economic, ecological, and social-cultural dimensions of sustainability within formal and non-formal educational contexts. 
 
A 20-minute video on the life cycle of material goods, shown in elementary schools and businesses all over the world 
Criticizes Americans for “exploiting” natural resources to make goods

The American Family Association says that the video is anti-consumer, and even anti-American because the video implies that Americans are greedy, selfish, cruel to the third world, and "use more than our share."
Glenn Beck, host of the Glenn Beck TV program, characterized the video as an "anti-capitalist tale that unfortunately has virtually no facts correct."
 
A bimonthly journal published in collaboration with AASHE that covers sustainability in higher education 
NAS: “An Elbow in the Ribs: Prof-Prodding Toward Sustainability” by Ashley Thorne. 02/17/10  

 

Colleges/Universities

 

 

Click the name to read the NAS article about it regarding sustainability: 

 

Conferences

Convened by the United Nations in 1983 
Brundtland report Our Common Future defined sustainability/sustainable development:
Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.
Gave birth to the Earth Charter
NAS: “The Sustainability Movement in the American University” by Peter Wood. 07/27/2009
NAS: “The Roots of Sustainability” by Glenn Ricketts. 01/19/10
 
Annual conference for ACUPCC signers, sponsors, and friends
2010 summit in Denver 10/12-10-13, R. James Woolsey keynote speaker
2009 summit in Chicago 08/13-08/14, Bill Clinton keynote speaker
 
Convened by the United Nations in 1992 
Gave birth to the Kyoto Protocol
NAS: “The Sustainability Movement in the American University” by Peter Wood. 07/27/2009
NAS: “A First Look at Second Nature” by Ashley Thorne. 08/03/2009
 
A series of youth climate summits in Australia, sponsored by Australian Youth Climate Coalition
 
Held by NACUBO, March 21-23, 2010 at the University of Maryland 
 
2010 conference held 10/10-10/12 in Denver, CO
Hosted by AASHE and NWF Campus Ecology
“A focus on the impact of the global campus and social justice within the field of sustainability”
 
Sponsored by GreenIllinois.gov
2010 Symposium was at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
 
Sponsored by California State University, Chico and Butte Community College 
2010 conference held 11/04-11/06
NAS: “The Chico Romance” by Ashley Thorne. 11/06/09 

 

Terminology

 

The United Nations blueprint for sustainability in the twenty-first century 
 
CAP
Climate Action Plan, as required by the ACUPCC
 
Ecolonomics
Ecology + Economics, a term coined in 1993 by Dennis Weaver
 
 
EFS
Education for Sustainability
 
ESD
Education for Sustainable Development
 
ESG
Environmental, Social, Governance (often used in terms of investments)
 

 

Triple-Bottom Line
Describes the three parts of sustainability
People, Planet, Profit
Society, Environment, Economy
Usually illustrated with a Venn Diagram depicted by Edward Barbier (see image at right); also symbolized by holding up three fingers
NAS: “The Communitarian ResLife Movement: Part 2” by Tom Wood. 08/18/08
NAS: “Peace Plus One” by Ashley Thorne. 10/13/09 

 

Terms Coined by the National Association of Scholars

 

Justice + Sustainability 
Sustainability is almost invariably paired with the word just or justice. This is why sustainability is an all-encompassing schema that calls for the restructuring of society; it is not the same as environmentalism.
 
People who use coercion, peer pressure, or intimidation to persuade others to alter their behavior in favor of sustainability 
 
Sustainability advocates who want to create utopia on earth, no matter the cost to mankind 

 

Criticism

 

Publication of the National Association of Scholars, special issue on sustainability
Articles by Glenn Ricketts, Stanley Trimble, Adam Kissel, Austin Williams, Daniel Bonevac, and Terry Wimberley 
 
Operation Green Out
Led by Holly Swanson, author of Set Up and Sold Out: Find Out What Green Really Means
NAS: “A First Look at Second Nature” by Ashley Thorne. 08/03/09
NAS: “An Interview with Holly Swanson” by Ashley Thorne. 10/15/09
Williams, Austin
Author, Enemies of Progress: The Dangers of Sustainability
NAS: “Wartime Thrift” by Ashley Thorne. 06/04/08
 
Wood, David
Chairman, Harris Ranch Beef Company
Wrote a letter to California Polytechnic University with concerns about Cal Poly’s focus on sustainability
NAS: “Sustainability Skepticism Has Arrived” by Ashley Thorne. 10/23/2009

 

Books

 

This extensive bibliography, compiled by NAS’s John Irving, is a work in progress. It includes both books on sustainability’s place in higher education and books more broadly focused on environmentalism and climate change, many of which are used in the college classroom to teach sustainability. The listings in bold are books on which the NAS has commented.
Aber, John, Tom Kelly, and Bruce Mallory, eds., The Sustainable Learning Community: One University's Journey to the Future, Lebanon, NH: University of New Hampshire Press, 2009
Ackerman, Frank, Why Do We Recycle? Washington, DC: Island Press, 1997
Adelson, Glenn James Engell, Brent Ranalli, and K.P. Van Anglen, eds., Environment: An Interdisciplinary Anthology. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2008
Alley, Richard, The Two-Mile Time Machine: Ice Cores, Abrupt Climate Change, and Our Future, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2002
Anderson, Ray, Mid-Course Correction: Toward a Sustainable Enterprise: The Interface Model, Atlanta, GA: Peregrinzilla Press, 1999
Astin, Helen and Alexander Astin, Leadership Reconsidered: Engaging Higher Education in Social Change. Battle Creek, MI: W.K. Kellogg Foundation, 2000
Bardaglio, Peter and Andrea Putnam, Boldly Sustainable: Hope and Opportunity for Higher Education in the Age of Climate Change, Washington: DC: National Association of College and University Business Officers, 2009
 
Barlett, Peggy R., and Geoffrey W. Chase, Sustainability on Campus: Stories and Strategies for Change, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2004
 
Beckerman, Wilfred. A Poverty of Reason: Sustainable Development and Economic Growth, Oakland, CA: Independent Institute, 2002. 
Begg, Kathryn, Frans van der Woerd, and David Levy, The Business of Climate Change: Corporate Responses to Kyoto, Sheffield, UK; Greenleaf, 2005
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