Outsourced to China

Confucius Institutes and Soft Power in American Higher Education

Since 2004, the Chinese government has planted Confucius Institutes that offer Chinese language and culture courses at colleges and universities around the world—including more than 100 in the United States. These Institutes avoid Chinese political history and human rights abuses, portray Taiwan and Tibet as undisputed territories of China, and educate a generation of American students to know nothing more of China than the regime’s official history. This is a study of the 12 Confucius Institutes in New York and New Jersey. It examines China’s soft power influence in American higher education and reveals new data on China’s funding, hiring, and academic freedom policies.

Complete List of Confucius Institutes in the United States

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Complete List of Closed Confucius Institutes in the United States

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Appendix I: Chinese Universities Partnered in Multiple American Confucius Institutes

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Appendix II: Hanban Leadership

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Appendix III: Hiring Policies by Institution and Role

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Appendix IV: Full List of Courses Offered by Confucius Institutes in New York and New Jersey

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Documentary: In the Name of Confucius

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